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George Barnes

g, 1921-1977 US, Chicago Heights, Illinois
Musician / Composer / Arranger / Producer / Conductor of Jazz
A.k.a. Dominic Luigi

American swing jazz guitarist, born July 17, 1921 - South Chicago Heights, Illinois, USA - died September 5, 1977 - Concord, California, USA. He started his professional career at the age of 12, when he received his musicians' union card, and toured throughout the Midwest. By the time he was 14, he was accompanying blues vocalists such as Big Bill Broonzy and Blind John Davis. On March 1, 1938, he recorded "Sweetheart Land" and "It's a Lowdown Dirty Shame" with Broonzy, the first commercial recordings of an electric guitar. Later in 1938, he was hired as a staff musician for the NBC orchestra, and became a featured performer on the radio shows National Barn Dance and Plantation Party. In 1940, Barnes released his first recording under his own name on Okeh Records, "I'm Forever Blowing Bubbles" backed with "I Can't Believe That You're In Love With Me". Barnes was drafted into the Army in 1942. Immediately after his discharge in 1946, Barnes formed The George Barnes Octet. He and his wife, Evelyn Lorraine Triplett, married in Chicago on January 17, 1947. In 1951, Barnes was signed to Decca Records by Milt Gabler and moved from Chicago to New York City. In 1953, he joined the orchestra for the television show, Your Hit Parade. The band was conducted by Raymond Scott and Barnes was a featured soloist. Barnes, Scott, and vocalist Dorothy Collins (Scott's wife) also recorded together. In addition to being a well-known jazz musician, Barnes also made a living as a New York studio musician, and played on hundreds of albums and jingles from the early 1950s through the late 1960s. Barnes was primarily a swing jazz guitarist, but could play in any style, as evidenced by his work on The Jodimars [2] Barnes participated in hundreds of pop, rock and R&B recording sessions: he was a regular guitar player on most of The Coasters' hit records produced by Jerry Leiber and Mike Stoller, he provided the guitar solo for the Connie Francis hit "Lipstick on Your Collar (song)," and he can be heard on The Drifters' version of "This Magic Moment" and Jackie Wilson's "Lonely Teardrops". Barnes recorded three albums for Mercury Records. The latter two recordings contained Barnes' unique orchestrations with 10 guitars, also known as his "guitar choir," which utilized the guitars as a horn section. They were two in a series of Mercury albums that used an early 1960's state-of-the-art recording technique known as "Perfect Presence Sound." His albums with his guitar duo partner Carl Kress received national acclaim in the early 1960s. After the 1965 death of Kress, Barnes formed another guitar duo with Bucky Pizzarelli. Their partnership lasted from 1969-1972, and they recorded two albums. In 1973, Barnes created a partnership with cornetist Ruby Braff. From 1973 until 1977, Barnes recorded several well-received albums for Concord Jazz under his own name, as well as with the quartet he had formed with Braff. Barnes and his wife, Evelyn, had left New York City after his last European tour in 1975 to live and work in the San Francisco Bay Area. Barnes died of a heart attack in Concord, California in 1977, at the age of 56. Barnes' style took shape before the development of bebop, and he remained a swing stylist throughout his career. His lines were usually short, very melodic, bluesy and "inside" (i.e. diatonic) as compared to the chromaticism and long lines of bop era guitarists. His improvisations often employed call and response phrases, and his tone was clearer, cleaner and brighter than many other jazz guitarists (such as Joe Pass or Jim Hall) and reflected his "happy" approach to music. Not long before his death, he recorded three live albums -- two produced from a concert at San Francisco club Bimbo's 365, the other at The Willows Theatre in Concord, California. The albums are good examples of his swinging, happy and often mischievous style. The albums also include his banter with the audience, and his introductions of tunes and his band, giving the listener a glimpse into his sense of humor. In 1942, Barnes wrote the first electric guitar method, The George Barnes Electric Guitar Method, published by Wm. J. Smith. In 1961, he wrote and recorded for Music Minus One, George Barnes' Living Guitar Method; The Easy Way to Learn All the Chords and Rhythms and Ten Duets for Two Guitars (recorded with his partner Carl Kress). In 1965, he wrote How to Arrange for Solo Guitar, published by Peermusic. He also produced the first guitar course offered on cassette tape, The Great George Barnes Guitar Course, published in 1970 by Prentice Hall.

        
Instruments
  • Guitar
  • Electric guitar
  • Banjo
Genres
  • Jazz
  • Pop
  • Soundtrack
  • Blues
Popular Tracks   
Spooky on Follow Me to the Popcorn: The Untold History of the Belgium Popcorn Scene by Various Artists
Jolly Joe Clark (Old Joe Clark) on Country Jazz by George Barnes
Turkey Cobbler (Turkey in the Straw) on Country Jazz by George Barnes
Hot Guitar Rag on Country Jazz by George Barnes
Banjo Hop on Country Jazz by George Barnes
Rockabilly Boogie on Country Jazz by George Barnes
Old Kentucky Ramble (My Old Kentucky Home) on Country Jazz by George Barnes
In the Gloaming on Country Jazz by George Barnes
Bass Guitar Blues on Country Jazz by George Barnes
Chicken in the Rough (Chicken Reel) on Country Jazz by George Barnes

Track list and 30sec audio provided by


Band Members
Discography



Title Artist Year Type
Quiet! Gibson At Work (1938-1957)George Barnes2015Compil.
Restless Guitar (1952-1962)George Barnes2015Compil.
Back In Country StyleThe Dinning Sisters Featuring George Barnes2012Album
Two Guitars Volume 1Carl Kress And George Barnes1983Album
Two Guitars And A Horn (Volume II)Carl Kress / George Barnes / Bud Freeman1983Album
Plays So GoodGeorge Barnes1978Album
Guitars, Anyone? Why Not Start At The Top?George Barnes And Carl Kress1977Album
Live At The Concord Summer FestivalJoe Venuti, George Barnes1977Album
GemsJoe Venuti And George Barnes1975Album
Guitars Pure And HonestGeorge Barnes & Bucky Pizzarelli1971Album
Informal Sessions at Squirrel's - The Early Years, Vol. 1Squirrel Ashcraft, Roy Bargy, George Barnes, Floyd Bean, Boyce Brown, Spencer Clark, Ormond Downes, Wade Foster, Jack Gardner, Bobby Hackett, Jack Howe, Hank Isaacs, Howard E. Kennedy, James "Rosy" McHargue, Jimmy McPartland, Paul Mares, Johnny Mercer, Prof. William Priestley, Joe Rushton, Bud Wilson, The Bobcats1967Album
Watusi For LuciGeorge Barnes And Carl Kress1965Single
Town Hall ConcertGeorge Barnes / Carl Kress1963Album
Something TenderBud Freeman And George Barnes And Carl Kress1963Album
Spooky / TrainsvilleGeorge Barnes1962Single
Guitars GaloreGeorge Barnes1961Album
Guitar GalaxiesGeorge Barnes1960Album
Guitars - By George!George Barnes1958Album
Around The World / TammyGeorge Barnes1957Single
Goin' To Chicago BluesBill Carey, George Barnes1956Single
Mountain High - Valley Low / Crazy RhythmDorothy Collins, George Barnes1954Single
Tiger Rag / State Street BoogieGeorge Barnes1952Single
Hot Guitar Polka / Clarinet PolkaGeorge Barnes1951Album
No Love, No Nothin' / Farewell BluesGeorge Barnes, Martha Lou HarpAlbum
TrompetenklängeCharlie Margulis, George Barnes & Art RyersonSingle
W h o / Hot LipsThe Charleston City All-Stars mit Enoch Light und Charlie Margulis, Bobby Byrne, Milt Yaner, Ezelle Watson, Paul Ricci, Nick Perito, George Barnes, Jack Lesberg, Terry SnyderSingle
Ten Duets For Two GuitarsGeorge Barnes And Carl KressAlbum
Jazz VignettesGeorge Barnes / Bud FreemanAlbum
Guitar In VelvetGeorge BarnesSingle
How To Play The GuitarGeorge Barnes, Robert MerseyAlbum
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Acknowledgements
To all the music fans that are contributing on Discogs, MusicBrainz and Wikipedia. Thanks to Franz Flückiger for providing Storygram used to visualize band membership and together with Stefan Guggisberg for the visual data mining application ArtistAnalytics.
Universal Link: https://music.metason.net/artistinfo?name=George%20Barnes
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